By,Dr A Kiraannmayee, Chief Clinical Dietitian, Apollo Cradle & Children’s Hospital, Jubilee Hills, Hyderabad
In recent decades, we have dramatically changed our diets and eating habits as a result of globalization, urbanization and income growth. We have moved from seasonal, mainly plant based and fiber rich dishes to diets that are high in refined starches, sugar, fats, salt, processed foods, meat and other animal sourced products. Less time is spent preparing meals at home and consumers, especially in urban areas, increasingly rely on supermarkets, fast food outlets, street food vendors and takeaway restaurants. A combination of unhealthy diets and sedentary lifestyles has sent obesity rates soaring, not only in developed countries but also in low income countries, where hunger obesity often coexist.
According to UN data available, 120 million girls and boys between 5 to19 are obese and over 40 million children under 5 are overweight while over 820 are suffering with hunger. Unhealthy diet, Obesity and other forms of malnutrition affect nearly one in three people. But the good news is that affordable solutions exist to reduce these problems.
What can we do?
In order to achieve the goal set by World Food Day, we must try to undertake following actions….
- Do not waste food, do not push the greens to the corners of your place or toss it in the dustbin. Remember green leafy vegetables are full of fiber and not everybody is privileged to enjoy them on a daily basis.
- Make sure you do not overfill your pantry; there is no point hoarding cereals, grains, masalas and coffee. But a sufficient amount that you think you would be able to use before the expiry date.
- Eat only when you are hungry. Mindless noshing may take a toll on your overall health and is linked to many disorders.
- Balanced diet is imperative for healthy living; make sure you have ample protein, fiber, omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins and minerals. Do not rule out food groups from your diet, without consulting a dietician.
- Try to avoid refined grains and refined goods. Excess consumption of refined goods has been linked to weight gain and poor heart health.
Through simple life style changes, we can ensure healthy future for all our kids. We need to teach our kids the importance of healthy food from the early days. We need to inculcate the habit of easting fresh veggies and fruits, avoid eating junk food and make them to eat home cooked food.